Comprehensive Eye Exams
Eye exams are an important part of staying healthy. Most people get an eye exam because they feel they are not seeing with clarity. The most common visual problems include myopia (nearsightedness), hyperopia (farsightedness), astigmatism, and presbyopia. They can all be corrected with prescription glasses. In addition, a routine eye exam can detect many eye conditions before any symptoms are present. Early detection is key to prevent visual loss. The American Academy of Ophthalmology recommends that adults receive an exam at the age of 40. Some adults should not wait until they are 40 to have a complete eye exam. You should see an eye doctor right away if you have an eye disease or risk factors like diabetes, high blood pressure, or family history of eye disease.
What To Expect
A comprehensive eye exam includes checking your medical history, visual acuity, prescription for corrective lenses, pupils, intra-ocular eye pressure, the front part of the eye, the retina, and optic nerve. Your doctor may have a staff member do portions of this exam. Dilating drops will be used to widen the pupils in order to facilitate the visualization of the lens, retina, and optic nerve. Your eyes might be sensitive to light for a few hours after dilation.
What Else To Expect
Your doctor may suggest other tests to further examine your eyes. This can include imaging techniques such as: optical coherence tomography (OCT), topography, and fundus photos. These tests can help detect problems in the eye to diagnose disease early.